Monday, May 25, 2020

Using Spanish to Say Look and Watch

Although the Spanish verbs ver and mirar can both mean to see, to look, or to watch, they usually arent interchangeable. Their differences also dont always correspond directly to the differences among the English verbs that have similar meanings. Using Ver and A Ver is commonly used in the following situations: To indicate the simple act of seeing something or someone. Vi el coche de tu madre. I saw your mothers car. No puedo ver las imà ¡genes. I cant see the pictures. To refer to the watching of television, a play, or a movie. Queremos ver Survivor esta noche. We want to watch Survivor tonight.  ¿Vas a ver la nueva pelà ­cula de Almodà ³var? Are you going to see the new Almodà ³var film? To refer to watching a sporting event. Me gustà ³ ver el segundo partido del torneo. I enjoyed watching the second game of the tournament. To refer to the anticipation of an outcome. A very common example of this is the idiom a ver, which typically is translated as lets see or well see. A ver si podà ©is ayudarme. Lets see if you can help me. Voy a ver quà © pasa. Im going to see what happens. To indicate understanding. No veo por que hay un doble està ¡ndar. I dont see why theres a double standard. To refer to a visit with someone. Es la tercera vez que voy a verlo. Its the third time Im going to see him. Using Mirar Mirar is commonly used in the following situations: To indicate deliberate looking, rather than mere seeing. Yo te miraba de afuera. I gazed at you from afar. Miraron a la derecha y a la izquierda. They looked right and left. To indicate the orientation of something. El hotel mira al mar. The hotel faces the sea. Note that ver is conjugated irregularly. Sample Sentences Showing Uses of Ver and Mirar El hotel mira todo el movimiento en la plaza. The hotel looks over all the action in the plaza. Hay cosas que no quiero ver. There are things I dont want to see. El nià ±o habà ­a visto a uno de ellos golpear a otros compaà ±eros de escuela y lo reportà ³ a la policà ­a. The boy had seen one of them strike other classmates and reported it to the police. Cuando Galileo miraba directamente al cielo, veà ­a al brillante Venus. When Galileo looked directly at the sky, he saw the brilliant Venus. Se miraron uno a otro con admiracià ³n. They admiringly looked at each other. Cuando se vieron uno a otro ella dijo, Hola. When they saw each other, she said, Hello. No quiero ver cuando me miras.   I dont want to see when youre looking at me. Miraron hacia los cerros y vieron una zona verde iluminada por los rayos del Sol. They looked toward the hills and saw a green area illuminated by the suns rays. Other Verbs That Can Be Used for Looking or Watching Buscar usually means to look for or to seek something. Note that it is not followed by a preposition meaning for. Se dice que Juan Ponce de Leà ³n siempre buscaba la fuente de la juventud. It is said that Juan Ponce de Leà ³n was always looking for the fountain of youth. Busquemos la verdad y la hallaremos. Lets look for the truth and we will find it. Revisar is often used to refer to examining or looking over something carefully. Revisamos todos los historiales mà ©dicos. We looked over all the medical histories. En cada una de las puertas, los miembros de seguridad revisaron los papeles requeridos para el ingreso de los estudiantes. At each of the entry points, the members of the security team looked over the papers required for the students admission. Observar can be used much like observe. No pude observar nada, dado que yo me quedà © fuera en la calle. I couldnt observe anything because I was left outside on the street. Quisieron observar la ciudad de noche. They wanted to observe the city at night. Fijarse sometimes means to focus visually on something.  ¡Fà ­jate en el camino! Keep your eyes on the road! Los viajeros se fijaron en los relojes y aretes de diamantes. The travelers keep their eyes on their watches and diamond earrings.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Week 1 Cpa Report - 729 Words

Memo To: Outside CPA From: CC: Manager Date: April 25, 2011 Re: CPA Report Below I have summarized an explanation to the questions that came about during your examination of a subsidiary that has been set up as a corporation. †¢ The methodology used to determine deferred taxes. The deferred taxes reported are a temporary difference. The deferred taxes were calculated based on what needed to be reported versus what has been posted to the corporations’ books. The â€Å"temporary difference is the difference between the tax basis of an asset or liability and its reported (carrying or book) amount in the financial statements, which will result in taxable amounts or deductible amounts in future years† (Kieso, el. 2007,†¦show more content†¦The corporation and stockholders have the tax burden in a corporation. In whole, from the owners’ point of view, it is more sensible to form a corporation that has a little more flexibility and less liability versus a partnership or sole proprietorship. References Bline, D. M., Fischer, M. L., and Skekel, T. D. (2004) Advanced Accounting. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Kieso, D. E., Weygandt, J. J. and Warfield, T. D. (2007). Intermediate Accounting. (12th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Memo To: Manager From: Rebecca Carver Date: April 25, 2011 Re: CPA Report As stated by Schroeder, el. (2005), my professional responsibilities as a CPA include independence, scope of services, confidentiality, practice development, and differences on accounting issues. It is my responsibility to keep my professional judgment unbiased and base my opinions on factual information and to keep my personal interest separate from the clients work. It is my responsibility not to indulge any client with nonaudit services not relating to the financial audit. It is my responsibility to keep the clients information confidential and only report information that is deemed necessary for investors and outside users. It is my responsibility to not enter in to any advertisement that would be misleading or untrue. It is my responsibility to determine and discuss with the client any differences in accounting issues that related to how transactions areShow MoreRelatedHomework Assignment Week 11195 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Homework Assignment Week 1 2-16 (Objective 2-6)  The following questions deal with auditing standards. Choose the best response. A. International Standards on Auditing are established by the: (2) International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board. B. Which of the following best describes what is meant by U.S. generally accepted auditing standards? (2) Measures of the quality of the auditor’s performance. C. The general group of U.S. generally accepted auditing standards includes a requirementRead MoreEssay on The Pros and Cons of being an Accountant1106 Words   |  5 Pagesfinancial reports. Some of the reports are the balance sheet, income statement, and tax returns. Public accountants work for businesses or they offer their services to the public on a fee basis. They divide their time among their clients (â€Å"Public Accountant Job Description†). Public accountants can give companies independent, unbiased advice concerning their finances. They can be hired to prepare annual reports that are presented to the stockholders of the corporations. Those reports show theRead MoreGroup Paper Coca Colla Industry Analysis1161 Words   |  5 PagesWeek two homework 4-8 Explain how the rules concerning stock ownership apply to partners and professional staff. Give an example of when stock ownership would be prohibited for each. . A partner can own stock in an audit client in one of these conditions: (1) He or she cannot influence the audit engagement and (2) he or she is not in the same office as the partner responsible for the audit engagement. 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From fall to early spring, chartered accountants usually work for 50 to 60 hours a week. In the late spring and summer, the pace of the work slows down to about 40 hours a week. Weekend work is usually normal during the whole year (Working Conditions). Chartered accountants usually work in an office environment. Those chartered accountants that are in public practice usually spendRead MoreBasis of Power Essay1733 Words   |  7 Pagesmanager is coercing employees, who choose not work over 40 hours, with inferior performance evaluations. The marketing manager has made it clear that only employees who work 40+ hour weeks will receive favorable performance evaluations. This also implies that an employee who chooses to maintain only a 40 hour work week can expect to receive a less than favorable review for what the manager judges as inferior performance. 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Forecasting and managing cashRead MoreAcc 403 Week 7 Discussion Acc403 Week 7 Discussion2290 Words   |  10 PagesACC403 Complete Course Week 1 to Week 11 Click below link for Answer visit ACC 403 Week 1 Discussion Auditors Role and Responsibilities Please respond to the following: Compare the primary auditor objectives in auditing historical financial statements to auditing internal controls over financial reporting. Identify at least two

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Holocaust Of The World War II - 879 Words

Elie Wiesel Says.. Nowadays, people tend to forget the morality of human beings. For instance, the people in today’s world are attracted to greed or power letting their mind and body rot them. However, are we doing a right in letting people like that win? It might not seem much or anything, but as history has shown us otherwise with World War II. Like letting a tyrant leader like Adolf Hitler take over different countries and bring in what is believed the most horrific discrimination ever known. Therefore, it is right to agree with Elie Wiesel a former target of the Nazi Final Solution that the moment race and religion are involved then that soon must become the center of the universe’s attention. To begin with, this all started when†¦show more content†¦The only reason Britain and France actually cared to fight against Hitler was the invasion of Poland. In addition, the same goes for the United States when they entered the world war because of the attack on Pearl Harbor. So it comes to question does anyone in the world have any heart? Some say yes and others say no. However, why did the world not listen to what was going on? Government elites must have known but ignored and came only to care when their country was on jeopardy. On the other hand, most people believe that this ideal of race and religion discrimination has ended and that the world is a lot better today than the way it was began. They are right that world is better than it was, yet race and religion discrimination has only tricked to a certain amount. For instance, former president Donald Trump has since shown his hate towards Mexican Americans by exponentially criticizing them on national television and during his presidential speeches. He has also stated in letting all illegal and legal Mexican Americans transfer back to Mexico. However, the catch is only if one obviously is that they are illegal and two if they have any criminal record against federal and state government. Therefore, what is there to be said about the universe? Some state that it is good and beneficial, but he just started and is already bringing up different types of chaos like insulting Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto and forcing Mexico to pay for a border wall that theShow MoreRelatedThe Holocaust Of The World War II1123 Words   |  5 Pagessuch as wars; however, during World War II, millions of people were treated less than human, forced into labor and killed on sight. Others were given a swift death by a bullet to the head while others died of starvation and disease. What makes this treatment of human even worse is how the Jewish people were targeted. Killing a specific group of people is called Genocide. A crime known to the U.N. as the worst crime a human can do. People in Europe in 1939 to 1945 were in terror due to war. Jews onRead MoreThe Holocaust Of World War II1879 Words   |  8 PagesBy the time 1945 was coming to an end, the horrors of World War II were only jus t revealed to the public eye. Racial and religious discrimination was at an all-time high and was the primary reason for the emergence of the Holocaust. Religious bigotry against Jews was the focal point for the Holocaust. Around 6 million Jewish people were killed by the Nazis of Germany through warfare, forced labor, concentration camps, and also mass executions and kill-on-sight orders. Countless of others within theRead MoreThe Holocaust : The World War II890 Words   |  4 Pagessaid The Holocaust illustrates the consequences of prejudice, racism and stereotyping on a society. It forces us to examine the responsibilities of citizenship and confront the powerful ramifications of indifference and inaction(Holden). Holden’s quote has a specific point that is incredibly important which is confronting the consequences of inaction. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Sustainability in the New Zealand Wine Industry-Free-Samples

Question: Discuss about the Sustainability Strategies in Organisations arose from the aim of Social and Environmental Considerations into Economic. Answer: Sustainability is a fundamental idea that is related with the continuity of monetary, social, institutional and natural parts of human culture. It is proposed to be a method for arranging progress and human movement with the goal that society, its individuals and its economies can address their issues and express their most noteworthy potential in the present, while protecting biodiversity and regular biological communities, and arranging and representing the capacity to keep up these standards in a long term. Sustainability influences each level of association, from the nearby neighborhood to the whole planet. Sustainability is a dream for the world in which present and future people are healthy; groups and countries are secure, peaceful and flourishing; there is economic opportunity for all; and the trustworthiness of the life-supporting biosphere is reestablished and managed at a level to make these objectives conceivable. Every one of the four measurements of sustainability must be considered to accomplish this vision. A few examples such as wine industry in New Zealand, Toyota, PG, Hyundai and Amazon have been taken in this essay to understand the role and importance of private companies in sustainability. Sustainability has been observed to be an important factor in the success of wine companies in New Zealand. The New Zealands wine industry has been chosen in order to understand the role and importance of private companies in sustainability. The wine industry in New Zealand has taken several measures to implement sustainability in its operations that has benefitted the entire country. The New Zealand wine industry aims at becoming the worlds first 100 percent sustainable industry. Sustainable Winegrowers New Zealand (SWNZ) was introduced in 1995 as a voluntary initiative to design an environmentally friendly model for wineries and vineyards. This program now includes approximately 95% of vineyard that produces more than 90% of New Zealands wine (Roy, 2015). All the vineyard areas in New Zealand function under the some certified organic program. SWNZ has proper database and a combination of management tools that help in identifying the main production issues and aids the growers to de velop a proper environmental management system (Roy, 2015). The wine producers in New Zealand believe in sustainability and produce wine accordingly. One such example is Rippon Wines that produces organic wine. Rippon follows the principle of biodynamic and renders the wines receptive to the environment. Another example is the sustainable practices of Pernod Ricard. The company uses sustainable methods of irrigation and monitors pests in the vineyards in New Zealand (Zahraie et al., 2016). The company has been successful in maintaining the quality even after reducing the utilization of water and the amount spent on chemicals and other resources. The chemical sprays used in the vineyards were replaced by biological pests that helped in improving the quality of the soil. Plantation of native flora helped the company in making itself environmentally healthier. Yealands, New Zealands largest private winery has also used green technology for producing wine. The company uses grazing sheep rather than tractors to manage the weeds and grass. The comp any has also developed several wetlands to preserve native species. The company uses renewable sources of energy in its production process (Dodds et al., 2013). All these practices have made the wine industry environmentally, socially and economically sustainable. According to Slawinski Bansal (2015), the ideas of sustainability and corporate social responsibility [CSR] have been among the most essential topics to rise at the worldwide level in the most recent decade. Sustainability and CSR are viewed as serious ideas, since both think about ecological, social and financial measurements and both allude to a long- haul point of view of addressing the requirements of the present with obligation and without trading off the capacity of future eras to address own issues. In light of this, private companies need to concentrate not just upon sales, profits and diminished expenses, yet in addition upon the sustainable advancement of the business itself and the environment. PG is an American consumer goods company that produces several personal care, hygienic and cleaning products ("Home", 2017). PG has been chosen as the company has taken several steps in achieving sustainability and with the example of PG, the importance of private companies in achieving sustainability can be understood in a better manner. PG has done a lot in the field of sustainability which the governments of several nations have not been able to do. The CSR activities of PG have helped in the development of society and conservation of nature in several countries. The company aims at providing products that meet the expectations of its customers. The company has emphasized much upon sustainability and has taken steps in reducing the harmful impacts of its production process and final products on the environment to improve the environment and to develop a sustainable business (Wagner Svensson, 2014). The company has come up with several sustainable products such as bio- based deter gents and various others. The company has initiated Childrens Safe Drinking Water Programs to ensure that the children get safe drinking water to consume. The company has entered into an agreement for setting up a biomass plant and wind mill for generating renewable energy. The company has taken active part in empowering women and girls all over the world. The company makes profits but also spends a part of its profits in the development of the society. The company has also laid emphasis upon conservation of water and product packaging. The company has also reduced the usage of plastics. PG has been one of the most sustainable companies of the world (Taib et al., 2015). The company has been working for the society by initiating programs that encourage healthy behaviors and reduce the rate of illness. This has been done with the help of several hygienic products such as hand wash, toothpastes and many others. The company has also been helping the society in case of any natural disasters by providing the necessary products and services in the affected areas. The company has also put efforts in providing safe and decent places for the people to live by sponsoring home builds throughout the world. The company has also worked in association with UNICEF for vaccinating women and children ("Home", 2017). The policies of the company promote sustainability by providing transparency in its operations, refraining from animal testing, ensuring human rights and ensuring the ethical standards in its day- to- day functioning. PG has always worked for the betterment of the employees, customers, shareholders and the society. The company has enhanced diversity within its human resources and employs people from different backgrounds and experiences. The company has also made commendable contribution to the education of children. Therefore, the company has been economically, socially and environmentally sustainable (Valente, 2015). On the other hand, Gao Bansal (2013) stated that an increasing number of organizations worldwide have genuinely endeavored to incorporate sustainability into their business activities. Be that as it may, most private firms have kept the topic of sustainability separate from contemplations of business technique and operations that are frequently focused upon financial benefits, and more research is expected to advance theoretical and practical progress in that administration field. Associations are progressively required to consider benefits to society and the environment from their business activities, not only to satisfy the needs of the buyers, workers and different partners yet additionally to identify opportunities for obtaining competitive advantage. Amazon is a multinational online retail organization established by Jeff Bezos. Amazon was established as an online book shop, however today offers most things one can consider, from earphones, to cleaning supplies, PCs to food products ("Amazon Global: International shipping made easy", 2017). Amazon has been chosen as the company has failed in achieving sustainability while emphasizing more upon financial benefits and with the example of Amazon, the importance of sustainability can be better understood. Amazon is available in almost all the nations in the world and the CSR activities of the company have helped in the upliftment of the society as well as in the preservation of the biodiversity in several countries. Today, Amazon is the biggest online retailer with no single huge contender, apart from Ebay and as of late Alibaba. Not only does Amazon compete with a single retailer but also Amazon contends with every one of them, including Walmart, Macy's and Barnes and Noble. The she er assortment of things that Amazon offers, makes them uncommonly prominent with shoppers. Beyond question, they are a standout amongst the best retailers on the planet. Despite the fact that Amazon has been effective in the retail business, they have insufficiencies in manageability. As far as individuals, Amazon has been blamed for sketchy social duty as to the treatment of its employees (Smith, 2016). Amazon has been broadly condemned in the manner they treat their workers. Amazon has been reprimanded on the working conditions in more than 40 of its offices, and has come to the heart of the matter where the US supreme court has been involved. Amazon believes in great client administration, and it also believes that more joyful workers would give better administration ("Amazon Global: International shipping made easy", 2017). In spite of that, both client benefit representatives and distribution center workers are liable to flawed treatment. Poor treatment of client benefit staff has justifiably made them the objective of guilds. Several employees at Amazon have complained of extended periods of time, crummy pay, and hourly shares of client messages they should react to (Milne Gray, 2013). At the point when this occurred in 2000, Amazon reacted rapidly, as most huge organizations do not care for worker's unions. Unionized laborers frequently pushed for expanded pay, rank based cut backs and sometimes strike, everything conceivably expensive to the organization. This has inspired Amazon to smother worker's organizations, which it has done effectively since the organization was begun 1994. Amazons warehouse staff have likewise had their offer of issues. Warehouse specialists are unique in relation to client benefit agents in that their employment cannot be outsourced. Any issues happening in a warehouse should be managed locally at some point or another. One of the principle issues distribution center specialists have with Amazon is that they are undercompensated when contrasted with others ("Amazon Global: International shipping made easy", 2017). Amazon considers client benefit important. Amazon has driven the online business in client benefit from the earliest starting point. Terrible online client encounters demoralize potential repeat buyers. Amazon ensures each order, offers timely conveyance, alongside convenient discounts or substitutions if necessary. Great client encounters assembles the trust that brings clients back. Amazon trusts that its capacity to set up and keep up long haul associations with clients and to empower rehash visits and buys relies upon the quality of client benefit operations. Amazon has a firm handle on its client benefit quality and its significance to the business overall (Carayannis, Sindakis Walter, 2015). The company has emphasized much upon environmental sustainability as it believes that sustainability is not just good for the environment but it is also good for the customers. Amazon has decided to host solar energy systems at 50 fulfillment network buildings by 2020. Amazon has also set up its windmills that generate huge amount of renewable energy. Amazon has also been one of the largest buyers of renewable energy ("Amazon Global: International shipping made easy", 2017). Dyllick Muff (2016) have found that there has been a shift in recent times towards a greater role for the social element of sustainability as the topic has gained popularity and customers nowadays want to be associated with those companies who contribute to the development of society and the environment. Leadership has been perceived as an imperative factor in advancing the contribution of associations in driving social responsibilities. A few researchers have examined the part played by leaders in the change process, calling attention to the tendency for green practices to occur when leaders develop in their workers a sense of duty regarding becoming a socially responsible organization. To put it plainly, leadership seems to assume a vital part in the corporate reception of sustainability practices. Hyundai is a multinational conglomerate that is involved in heavy industry, finance and insurance, construction, engineering, retail, aerospace, defense, steel and automobiles manufacturing. Hyundai has been chosen as the company has taken several measures for the betterment of the environment and the society that has not only increased the organizational profits but has also helped the company in achieving sustainable development. The leaders and management of the company has played an important role in the sustainable development of the company. The company has efficiently used sustainability in its operations and along with its CSR activities, the company has been able to help the society in several ways. The company believes in adapting the changes according to the trends in the market and working towards enhancing the value for the stakeholders and the customers. Hyundai Motor Company is devoted to conveying goals of the social orders to reality in light of 'boundless awareness of responsibilities, 'regard for humankind' and 'acknowledgment of conceivable outcomes' the foundations of Hyundais administration ("Main", 2017). As far as vision, Hyundai expects to end up plainly as a 'Lifetime accomplice in cars' by delivering not only methods for transportation but rather vehicles of ideal portability that make individuals' lives more advantageous and wonderful. The company aims at probably accomplishing 'zero human loss' through improvement of smart profoundly safe vehicle innovations (Crane Matten, 2016). The Genesis G90 presented in 2015 as the first of the extravagance mark Genesis typifying 'Human- focused Innovation', elements such security and comfort centered advancements for the two drivers and people on foot ("Main", 2017). The RD center of the company remains human-focused, solidly settled on creating Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) and other inventive advances that add to the wellbeing and accommodation of clients. In leading social responsibilities, the company is working at making shared esteem past the domain of financial exercises to address social issues through an assortment of projects, including startup bolster programs, propelled at home and abroad, which have added to diminishing joblessness among more youthful eras and also to making the vehicle business of individual nations more focused ("Main", 2017). Additionally, presented are exercises showing Hyundai's mechanical forces and sense of duty regarding its social obligation, for example, a recreational fascination, a wellbeing program and an innovation, all to convey satisfaction and bliss to clients and group individuals (Neubauer Lank, 2016). One such example is a children racetrack, called the 'Cha - Car-Cha-Car Playground', where even sight-debilitated youngsters can encounter driving ("Main", 2017). Yet another example is the Medicinal services Project for Taxi Drivers and wearable apply robotics for strolling help. Abroad ar e the companys social exercises as broad as its worldwide presence, concentrating on wellbeing, innovation, education and social issues. The company bolsters youngsters' tumor research and treatment through the Hyundai Hope on Wheels program. The company gives answers for youth joblessness issues through the Skills for the Future. The company also enables farmers to accomplish financial freedom through its Dream Village Project. In the ecological angle, the company is gaining success in limiting natural effects of cars by enhancing the effectiveness of the power train and creating electric vehicles ("Main", 2017). Specifically, in 2016 the company has built up the world's initially committed vehicle stage that supports three unmistakable power train frameworkselectric, hybrid and plug- in by effectively propelling an IONIQ line-up. Toyota is a Japanese multinational automotive company founded in the year 1937. The company is involved in the manufacturing of automobiles, commercial vehicles, engines and luxury vehicles. Toyota has emphasized upon environment and has considered it as a priority issue that requires management ("TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE", 2017). The example of Toyota has been taken in order to understand the importance of private companies in business sustainability. Toyota has been able to contribute in the development of the society and economy of several nations to an extent that would have been impossible for the government. The company has promoted environmental management all over the world and has given equal importance to customers, employees, suppliers, shareholders and other stakeholders. The company aims at zero environmental impact and wants to achieve an overall positive impact. The company aims at manufacturing vehicles that emit zero carbon dioxide. The company also ai ms at zero carbon dioxide emissions in the entire process of production. The company aims at developing low carbon dioxide strategies and using hydrogen energy. The company also aims at reducing the wastage of water by ensuring optimum utilization of water. The company has also been involved in several environmental conservation programs. The company has been actively planting trees in several regions and has promoted the importance of maintaining harmony between humans and the nature ("TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE", 2017). The company has worked for the improvement of the society by taking initiative for enhancing the traffic safety. The company has been actively learning from the accidents and has incorporated that knowledge for developing safer vehicles. The company believes that customer satisfaction is the ultimate objective of the company, which can be achieved only by offering quality products and services. The company has associated itself with several activities that enrich the lifestyles of the people such as biotechnology, afforestation, robotics and others. Toyota respects human rights and gives equal importance to the rights of the people from every part of the world (Loorbach Wijsman, 2013). The company has also taken several initiatives for ensuring a happy workplace, health and safety of the workforce, human resource development and many others. The company has involved its stakeholders in its stakeholder- oriented management and aims at maintaining strong relationships with the stakeho lders by using open and fair communication ("TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE", 2017). The private companies play a vital role in sustainability and are most of them have emphasized upon sustainable development of their businesses. The private companies have initiated several CSR activities that have not only helped the companies to improve the environment, society and the overall economy of the nations. Above were the few examples of the international organizationsshift in pattern of maintaining the social elements in sustainable business. These huge business organizations can do what the government cannot. These companies are powerful and have good profits and brand reputation which they can use for encouraging and spreading sustainable ways of business in terms of Social, Economic and Environment parameters. Also, it is a buyer, customer and stake holder driven factor that the companies should focus on sustainability development and incorporate it in their policies. To have a secular business environment the private sectors have shifted to the new paradigm and plays a greater role in sustainability development. The private companies have initiated several CSR activities that have helped the companies to improve the environment, society and the overall economy of the nations. References: (2017). Amazon Global: International shipping made easy... Retrieved from Bansal, P., DesJardine, M. R. (2014). Business sustainability: It is about time.Strategic Organization,12(1), 70-78. Carayannis, E. G., Sindakis, S., Walter, C. (2015). Business model innovation as lever of organizational sustainability.The Journal of Technology Transfer,40(1), 85-104. Crane, A., Matten, D. (2016).Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization. Oxford University Press. Dodds, R., Graci, S., Ko, S., Walker, L. (2013). What drives environmental sustainability in the New Zealand wine industry? An examination of driving factors and practices.International Journal of Wine Business Research,25(3), 164-184. Dyllick, T., Muff, K. (2016). Clarifying the meaning of sustainable business: Introducing a typology from business-as-usual to true business sustainability.Organization Environment,29(2), 156-174. Gao, J., Bansal, P. (2013). Instrumental and integrative logics in business sustainability.Journal of Business Ethics,112(2), 241-255. Home. (2017). Retrieved 20 August 2017, from Loorbach, D., Wijsman, K. (2013). Business transition management: exploring a new role for business in sustainability transitions.Journal of cleaner production,45, 20-28. Main. (2017). Retrieved 20 August 2017, from Milne, M. J., Gray, R. (2013). W (h) ither ecology? The triple bottom line, the global reporting initiative, and corporate sustainability reporting.Journal of business ethics,118(1), 13-29. Neubauer, F., Lank, A. G. (2016).The family business: Its governance for sustainability. Springer. Roy, H. (2015). Social, cultural and economic impacts of wine in New Zealand, edited by Peter J. Howland: Abingdon, Routledge, 2014, xii+ 260 pp., 85.00 (hardback), ISBN 978-0-415-63979-8, 85.00 (e-book), ISBN 978-0-203-08316-1. Slawinski, N., Bansal, P. (2015). Short on time: Intertemporal tensions in business sustainability.Organization Science,26(2), 531-549. Smith, M. (2016). Business sustainability and the triple bottom line: considering the interrelationships of people, profit, and planet. InLearner-Centered Teaching Activities for Environmental and Sustainability Studies(pp. 181-186). Springer International Publishing. Taib, M. Y. M., Udin, Z. M., Ghani, A. H. A. (2015). The collaboration of Green design technology towards business sustainability in Malaysian manufacturing industry.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,211, 237-242. TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE. (2017). TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE. Retrieved 20 August 2017, from Valente, M. (2015). Business sustainability embeddedness as a strategic imperative: A process framework.Business Society,54(1), 126-142. Wagner, B., Svensson, G. (2014). A framework to navigate sustainability in business networks: The transformative business sustainability (TBS) model.European Business Review,26(4), 340-367. Zahraie, B., Everett, A. M., Walton, S., Kirkwood, J. (2016). Environmental entrepreneurs facilitating change toward sustainability: A case study of the wine industry in New Zealand.Small Enterprise Research,23(1), 39-57.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Macroeconomics free essay sample

The current global recession has been caused to a large degree by debt-fuelled growth in the housing market, often due to irresponsible lending practices, coupled with unregulated trading of mortgages on the bonds and derivatives markets. One of the key factors that allowed for the property bubble to expand so rapidly was the ubiquitous nature of ‘subprime’ mortgages. These were essentially loans, which generally required no deposit, that were extended regularly to people without the requisite income to pay off the debt. In an effort to fight off a recession arguably as bad the Great Depression, governments worldwide have attempted to combat growing unemployment and shrinking economies by way of massive stimulus packages. This essay will analyse the aforementioned issues surrounding the causes and severity of the current recession, governmental responses to the economic crisis, and how these responses differ from the Great Depression, in the context of relevant macroeconomic theory in order to reach an informed conclusion regarding the effectiveness of contemporary government intervention. We will write a custom essay sample on Macroeconomics or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The subprime mortgage is widely agreed to have been the catalyst for the recession as a whole. There were, however, a number of other causes that contributed to the problem. Firstly, in the case of the USA, the Federal Reserve was slow to raise the interest rates after the US economy recovered from the 2000/01 recession. As the interest rate continued to remain low, the interest rate effect on aggregate demand encouraged greater spending on investment goods. In the case of many Americans, investment goods equated to housing and thus many took out mortgages to purchase houses purely on the basis that they could resell them for a profit. This was made possible in large part due to the prevalence of subprime loans and interest-only loans. A sub-prime mortgage is a mortgage that is given to a borrower whose credit rating would not ordinarily qualify them for a conventional mortgage; hence they inherently have a higher risk. Interest-only loans, of which a large percentage were also subprime, are structured in such a way that the borrower is initially only paying back the interest on the mortgage of a house at a lower interest rate for a period usually between 1 to 5 years. Whilst many consumers took out these types of loans with the idea of reselling the house for a profit before the interest rate rose, this concept only worked if house prices continued to rise. Inevitably, when interest rates settled at a higher equilibrium due to the high demand (Mankiw, 2002), many people with interest-free loans were stuck with houses they couldn’t sell and interest rates that they weren’t able to afford, leaving the bank with a house that would have to be sold at a loss. These high-risk loans becomes tools of financial engineering as banks bundled good and bad loans into derivatives which were in turn often bundled into CDO’s (collaterised debt obligations) whose worth was tied to the value of the mortgages. When these mortgages began to default rapidly, many investment funds began to panic and began selling these CDOs as quickly as possible, causing a shift of the aggregate demand curve to the left due to the pessimism in the market and removing trillions of dollars of value from many of the major funds. As Investment (I) constitutes a portion of GDP, this massive loss caused a substantial decline in GDP, and because GDP is inversely linked to income this led to much higher than usual levels of unemployment. (Garrison, 2000) This is due to a large drop in aggregate demand, which caused companies to lay off workers in an effort to reduce costs and remain in business. The fallout from the CDOs was global, many of the investment funds that had purchased these bonds represented international or foreign investors and as such the impact was both severe and worldwide. Key economic indicators all indicate that the effects of the recession have been harsh: World industrial production is down 10%; World stock markets down 30%; and the Volume of world trade down 20%. Governmental response to the economic crisis so far has been based primarily on large stimulus packages designed to reduce unemployment and revive the economy. Obama’s stimulus plan, the â€Å"American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009†, alone has spent $787 billion (USD), on top of the $152bn spent on the 2008 stimulus bill. This policy is supported to a certain extent by the concept of the multiplier effect. This theory states that government purchases have a ‘multiplier effect’ on aggregate demand, so that each dollar of public spending will generally raise the aggregate demand by more than one dollar, with the formula equating to m = 1/(1 – MPC). (coursebook ref) A number of factors, however, combined to dampen the impact of this government spending. Pessimism about the economic climate, along with the perception that the rebate was a one-off measure, caused some individuals to change their spending habits, leading to a number of people using the lump sum tax rebates of the 2008 stimulus package to either pay off debt or save the money. This effect, in fact, was not as widespread as many economists predicted, household spending actually rose on average by 3. 5%, causing some studies to label the plan as a success (Broda Parker, 2008). The 2009 plan suffered to an extent from the crowding out effect, caused by higher interest rates due to elevated levels of government spending. An application of the laws of supply and demand reveals that an increase in the price of a loan, i. e. the interest, leads to a decrease in the amount of credit demanded.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved

Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved Introduction Costa Rica (a country in South American) is located between Nicaragua and Panama. With a total land size of 19,653 sq miles, Cost Rica boarders Caribbean Sea and North Pacific Ocean. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The greatest distance connecting its principal point is 200 miles. This paper discusses Costa Rica with respect to preserved Rainforests and other related geographical phenomena. The country is not highly populated and has a total population of only 3.5 million people. It has five major geographical areas namely the Pacific, Caribbean, North Central Plains, Central Valley, and the Northwest Peninsula. It has seven provinces namely â€Å"Alajuela, Heredia, San Jose, Limon, Guanacaste, Cartago, and Puntarenas† (Infocostarica 1). Different regions of Costa Rica exhibit different geographical and climatic conditi ons. The regions have features such as volcanoes and mountains, rivers, forests, and valleys. The rainy season is one of the features of Costa Rica. This has increased the number of rivers and rainforests tremendously. Some of the major rivers in Costa Rica include San Juan, Tempisque, Sixaola, and Pacuare. There are numerous mountain ranges stretching across the country. A major mountain ridge is the Costa Rican ridge that includes Cordillera of Guanacaste, Cordillera Central, Cordillera of Tilaran, and Cordillera of Talamanca. The volcanic ranges in Costa Rica include the Guanacaste Range, the Central Volcanic Range and the Talamanca Range. The Rainforests Costa Rica is featured with various rainforests (a habitat of about 10000 species of trees and plants). More than a quarter of this Central American country is used as biological reserve and for wildlife refuge. It is also among the most bio-diverse countries in the world (Govisitcostarica 1). The forests in Costa Rica can be classified as rainforest, cloud forest, and topical dry forest. However, the rainforests are the most common in Costa Rica. They are mainly located in the south western parts of the country. Moreover, they exist in the Atlantic lowlands and characteristically featured by tall trees as well as drooping vines. The trees in the forests are tall and some reach up to 70 meters. The forests are habitat to many animals and many species of plants. Some of the rainforests include Arenal Volcano National Park, Barbilla National Park, Carara National Park and Braulio Carrillo National Park. The cloud forests are mainly located on the slopes of volcanoes and mountains. The tropical forests, on the other hand, are mainly in the North Pacific coast of the country.Advertising Looking for research paper on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The rainforests of Costa Rica are characterized by high levels of biodiversity. Rain forests possess nearly 12000 species of vegetation as well as 1240 different kinds of butterflies. Species of birds in Costa Rica nears 838 while reptiles constitute 440. This is a critical ecological provision when observed decisively. In addition, there are 232 species of mammals (rainforests.mongabay 1). There are five different layers in the rainforests and these are the emergent, the canopy, the under storey, shrub and ground. Each of these layers has particular plants and animals that are adapted to the conditions in them. The rainforests are also characterized with many rivers and many waterfalls. Geographically, this is a critical provision in the context of biodiversity and environmental viability. It is important to protect the rainforests as advocated by the government. Rainforests receive approximately 2000 to 6000 mm of rain per year and are in the altitude of between 0-1000m above sea level. The highest temperature in the forests is usually 330C while the lowest is us ually 22 degree centigrade (costarica21 1). The tropical rainforests have a variety of plants and trees. Some of the animals in the rainforests include the green basilisk, the green iguana, the two toed and the three toed sloth and the poison dart frog among many others. There are also different types of birds in the rainforests and these usually attract a lot of bird watchers. Preservation of the Rainforests Costa Rica has established and enacted critical conservation plans mandated to protect the mentioned rainforests considerably. The plan aims at protecting more than ten percent of the country so as to have large forest coverage. The implementation of the plan has began and one strip of forest covers over 40 miles without any interruption. The forest strip covers 9 ecological locations in Costa Rica. It extends to areas 12500M altitude. In 1995, the state initiated a credible program mandated to guard 18% of the Costa Rica’s rainforests. The 18 percent land coverage was to be converted into national parks. In addition to this, another 13 percent of the country was to be given to individuals so that they make private reserves. The state besieged regions with enormous biodiversity for protection. Land owners were issued with certificates of forest protection by the government. These certificates paid the land owners an average of $50 annually for every hectare of forest cover that they protected. This is the method through which the government funded the project. To this end, around two third of the country’s rainforests are under protection. The country has also initiated a number of programs to promote growth that can be sustained. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Costa Rica, a Rainforest Preserved specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Forest Project of the Foundation for the Development of Central Volcanic Mountain Range is one of the projects that that aim at pro moting sustainable development. This project manages around 13000 hectares through the development of plans that land owners can use to manage forests (climatepath 1). Threats to the Rainforests Costa Rica earns remarkable revenue from ecotourism. The amount that tourism earns the country in terms of foreign exchange is higher than the amounts earned through the sale of timber. Rainforests have a lot of bio-diversity and this attracts tourists. This is a critical provision when considered decisively in the realms of economic growth and other viable developmental provisions. The parks that the country has are accessible and the safety standards are high. However, the number of tourists at the parks is at times restricted so as to avoid damage to the forests. The encroachment of the forests by hoteliers has also led to a lot of controversy in the country. Despite the efforts exerted by Costa Rica to protect rainforests, the country has faced numerous challenges due to deforestation. Costa Rica once had a 99 percent forest cover. This environmental viability has reduced gradually. The present situation nears only 35 percent of forest cover. The main reasons for deforestation in this country is harvesting for timber and conversion of land for agricultural purposes. Loss of biodiversity and the effects on the climate are the two most severe consequences that destruction of the rainforests has on Costa Rica (Coztarica 1). The threats that rainforests of Costa Rica face also include high population growth, forest sustainability challenges, and human interferences. Areas with rapid population growth in Costa Rica are in the tropics. In these areas, people clear land for sustenance farming. Clearing of land, however, continue since rainforest soil loose nutrients quickly after a few years of farming. The other threat to the rainforests in this country is the global and regional climatic change. Global climatic changes have made the tropics warmer and have had the ef fect of changing the rainfall patterns and thus affect rainforests adversely (costarica21 1).Advertising Looking for research paper on geography? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Costa Rica is a country rich in bio-diversity. The country has numerous geographical features with five major geographical regions and seven provinces. These regions have different climatic conditions. The country receives a lot of rains and has many rainforests. The abundant rain has made the country to have many rivers. The rainforests in the country act as homes to many animals and plants. They have five different layers. Each layer only harbors plants and animals adapted to it. this is a critical provision when scrutinized critically. The trees in the forests are usually tall and can reach up to 70 meters. The government of Costa Rica has put in place forest conservation plans and has involved citizens in the preservation of the rainforests. The goal is to ensure that there is a large forest cover in the country. There are also projects that develop management plans to assist in the management of protected forests. The forests have earned the country revenue through tourism even though there are many challenges. The major challenges are deforestation, clearing of forest for farming, population growth, and global climatic changes that threaten the rainforests of Costa Rica. Climatepath. Costa Rican Rainforests. 2012. Web. Costarica21. Costa Rica Tropical Rainforest. 2012. Web. Coztarica. Tropical rainforest – a Costa Rican treasure. 2012. Web. Govisitcostarica. Costa Rica Rainforests. 2012. Web. Infocostarica. Geography: Overview, by Infocostarica Staff. 2012. Web. Rainforests.mongabay. COSTA RICA. 2012. Web.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Strategy, Information Systems (IS) and Knowledge Management Essay

Strategy, Information Systems (IS) and Knowledge Management - Essay Example However, it is crucial to understand why competitive advantage is of significant value. The paramount reason is that it allows a business to hold a superior status in the market. Having a dominant position implies that a business can have cost leadership, where it dictates the prices of products by partnering with suppliers in a monopoly-like manner. This is not sustainable over the long run; subsequently, business must create unique value around their products to draw out the largest market share. Hence there arises two ways of gaining competitive advantage, through cost or through differentiation. Either way, a business should seek this as it allows creation of profits that exceed their competitors. These excess profits in turn, can be used to further market the business by promoting its products and services, and boosting its image. In addition, the business can set aside money for continual assessment of its strategies, which involves research that ensures it is always up-to-date with trends within the industry (Worth, 2009). One of the core competencies that all businesses have or can easily acquire is information. Businesses need to create an environment that allows for dynamic use of information, to maintain high levels of performance, continuous growth and facilitate approaching of beneficial risks. To achieve these results from information effectively, there needs to be a shift in thinking from the traditional perspective to a dynamic one. Organizations need to think about information in three different ways, in order to leverage information systems to gain competitive advantage. These are recognizing the various sources of information within a business, acknowledging the purposefulness of a well-informed business solution and going over the overall IT situation to ensure it supports the business needs as and when they occur (Hurwitz and Kaufman, 2007). Recognizing the various sources of information involves looking at non-traditional sources of inform ation, in the sense of original point. That is, managers should seek information from emails, custom applications and reports as opposed to conventional sources such as content management systems e.g. ERM and customer databases. Of significance with this aspect is that quality of information will be high, and decision-makers can make timely decisions as they will recognize this information and act on it prudently. Managers should not ignore these sources as gaining competitive advantage necessitates leveraging all kinds of relevant information, as this will enable establishment of sustainable strategies (Hurwitz and Kaufman, 2007). Acknowledging purposefulness of a well-informed business solution is reliant on the infrastructure currently adopted by business. This means that a business solution will have a certain modularity and level of flexibility depending on the structures and systems in place. Modularity and flexibility implies that linkages between rigid information systems an d structures, and applications can be adjusted to meet the changing needs of a business as dictated by the environment. An effective business solution should unify the metadata such that for instance; characteristics that describe how to locate, access and utilize data will be maintained. Essentially, all relevant informat